top of page
  • Writer's pictureEd DiMarco MS, MA

Housing Market Analysis: Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Florida 2024

Housing Market Analysis: Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Florida 2024

The Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater area, a vibrant and rapidly evolving region on Florida's central western shore, presents a unique housing market dynamic. Defined by the counties of Hernando, Hillsborough, Pasco, and Pinellas, this Housing Market Area (HMA) exhibits diverse economic and demographic characteristics that influence its housing trends.


Economic Growth and Job Market

The Tampa HMA has demonstrated robust economic resilience and growth over the past few years. As of January 2024, the HMA's population is approximately 3.35 million, supported by six colleges and universities contributing significantly to the local economy. Nonfarm payrolls in the HMA increased during the past three years, fully recovering the jobs lost during the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic by 2021. Notably, the education, health, and professional and business sectors saw the most significant growth, adding 19,000 and 13,700 jobs in 2023.


Nonfarm payrolls are expected to increase at an average annual rate of 2.9% over the next three years. This anticipated growth is primarily driven by ongoing professional and business services expansions and new job creation in the manufacturing sector, such as the 600 jobs expected from the new Bauducco Foods facility by 2025.


Population and Demographic Trends

The HMA has experienced accelerated population growth since 2020, with an average annual increase of approximately 47,575 people. This growth is primarily driven by higher levels of net in-migration, attributed to the area's economic opportunities and lifestyle amenities. The Tampa HMA is particularly popular among retirees, with the population aged 65 years and older increasing significantly. This demographic shift affects housing demand, particularly for single-family homes and retirement communities.


The HMA's population is expected to grow, reaching 3.49 million by January 2027. This growth will be accompanied by an increase in households, projected to rise by an average of 18,800 annually, reaching approximately 1.45 million households by the end of the forecast period.


Home Sales Market

The sales market in the Tampa HMA is currently slightly tight but easing. As of December 2023, the HMA had 3.4 months of available-for-sale housing inventory, up from 2.9 months in December 2022. Home sales declined significantly over the past two years, driven by rising mortgage interest rates, which averaged 6.8% in 2023. Despite this, the average sales price of new and existing homes increased by 6% to $450,700 in 2023.

The demand for new homes is projected to be robust over the next three years, with an estimated requirement of 44,825 new homes. The 5,100 homes currently under construction will meet part of this demand.


Rental Market Dynamics

The rental market in the Tampa HMA is slightly soft, with an overall vacancy rate of 9.1% as of the fourth quarter of 2023, up from 8.1% in 2020. The average apartment rent has decreased by 1% to $1,755. The demand for rental units is expected to remain high, with an estimated need for 19,850 new rental units over the next three years. The 18,850 rental units currently under construction will satisfy most of this demand.


Challenges and Opportunities

While the Tampa HMA exhibits strong economic and population growth, several challenges persist. The affordability of homeownership has declined significantly over the past decade, with the NAHB/Wells Fargo Housing Opportunity Index dropping to record-low levels. Rising mortgage interest rates have further exacerbated affordability issues, increasing the monthly homeownership cost.


Additionally, the rental market faces its own set of challenges. The slightly soft market conditions suggest a need for careful new construction management to avoid oversupply, which could further impact rental prices and vacancy rates.


Future Outlook

The outlook for the Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater housing market is cautiously optimistic. Continued economic expansion, driven by growth in key sectors and steady population influx, underpins the demand for both sales and rental housing. However, addressing affordability challenges and balancing housing supply and demand will be critical to sustaining the market's health.


FAQ: Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL Real Estate Market


1. What are the primary economic sectors in the Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater area?

The most significant economic sector in the Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater HMA is the professional and business services sector, accounting for 20% of nonfarm payrolls. The education and health services sector is the second largest, comprising approximately 16% of nonfarm payrolls. Key employers in the area include BayCare Health System and Publix Super Markets.


2. How has the job market in the Tampa HMA changed recently?

Nonfarm payrolls in the Tampa HMA increased by 52,100 jobs, or 3.5%, in 2023 compared to 2022. The education and health services sector saw the most significant gain, adding 19,000 jobs, followed by professional and business services, adding 13,700 jobs. This growth is part of a broader economic recovery trend and expansion following the COVID-19 pandemic.


3. What is the current unemployment rate in the Tampa HMA?

The unemployment rate in the Tampa HMA averaged 2.9% in 2023, slightly up from 2.8% in 2022 but significantly lower than the 7.6% rate observed in 2020. The slight increase in unemployment is attributed to a 4.0% rise in the labor force, which outpaced the 3.9% increase in resident employment.


4. How is the home sales market performing in the Tampa HMA?

The home sales market in the Tampa HMA is slightly tight but easing. The sales vacancy rate is estimated at 1.9% as of January 2024, down from 2.1% in April 2020. Home sales declined by 14% in 2023, but the average sales price increased by 6% to $450,700, an all-time high.


5. What trends are observed in the rental market of the Tampa HMA?

The rental market in the Tampa HMA is slightly soft, with an apartment vacancy rate of 8.6% in Q4 2023, up from 7.5% in Q4 2022. The average apartment rent decreased by 1% to $1,755. Demand for rental units is estimated at 19,850 over the next three years, with the majority of demand expected in the Central submarket.


6. What are the projected population growth trends for the Tampa HMA?

The Tampa HMA's population is expected to grow by an average of 45,100 people, or 1.3%, annually over the next three years, reaching 3.49 million by January 2027. The Central, Western, and Northern Suburbs submarkets are all projected to experience population increases during this period.


7. What is the forecast for household growth in the Tampa HMA?

Households in the Tampa HMA are expected to increase by an average of 18,800 annually over the next three years, reaching approximately 1.45 million. Growth is projected to be highest in the central submarket, followed by the northern suburbs and Western submarkets.


8. How has housing affordability changed in the Tampa HMA?

Housing affordability has declined due to rising home prices and mortgage interest rates. The estimated monthly mortgage payment for the average-priced home increased by 24% in 2023 compared to 2022. Despite these increases, Tampa remains more affordable than 37% of metropolitan areas in the nation.


9. What are the key factors driving economic growth in the Tampa HMA?

Economic growth in the Tampa HMA is driven by the professional and business services sector, which benefits from businesses relocating due to lower costs. The education and health services sector also plays a significant role, with major employers like BayCare Health System contributing to job growth.


10. How did the COVID-19 pandemic impact the Tampa HMA's economy?

The COVID-19 pandemic caused a significant economic downturn in the Tampa HMA, with nonfarm payrolls declining by 171,700 jobs, or 12.2%, in March and April 2020. The leisure and hospitality sector was the most affected, losing 28,800 jobs. However, the economy has since recovered, with solid job gains in 2021 and 2022.


11. What are the major trends in the Central submarket's home sales market?

The Central submarket's home sales market is slightly tight but easing. The vacancy rate is 1.6%, down from 2.0% in 2020. The inventory of available homes for sale increased to 3.0 months in December 2023, up from 2.8 months in December 2022. Home sales prices also rose by 4% during the year.


12. How is the rental market performing in the Central submarket?

The rental market in the Central submarket is slightly soft, with a vacancy rate of 8.5% in 2023, up from 7.1% in 2020. This submarket experienced significant construction of privately owned off-campus student apartments, contributing to the current market conditions.


13. What are the characteristics of the Western submarket's home sales market?

The Western submarket's home sales market is balanced, with a vacancy rate of 1.9% as of January 2024. The inventory of available homes increased to 4.1 months in December 2023, up from 2.8 months in December 2022. Home sales prices in the submarket also saw substantial increases, particularly for new homes.


14. How is the rental market in the Western submarket performing?

The rental market in the Western submarket has seen a surge in rental construction activity in recent years. The market is currently balanced, with steady demand for new rental units expected over the next three years. The vacancy rate in the Western submarket was slightly lower than the overall HMA average.


15. What trends are observed in the Northern Suburbs submarket's home sales market?

The Northern Suburbs submarket's home sales market is slightly tight, with a vacancy rate of 2.4% in January 2024. The inventory of available homes for sale increased to 3.4 months in December 2023. Home sales prices decreased slightly for new homes but increased for existing homes.


16. How is the rental market performing in the Northern Suburbs submarket?

The rental market in the Northern Suburbs submarket is slightly soft, with a vacancy rate of 9.1% in 2023. Despite the high vacancy rate, the submarket continues to attract strong net in-migration, contributing to ongoing demand for rental units. New developments and rental construction activities are prevalent.


17. What are the significant factors influencing commuting patterns in the Tampa HMA?

Most residents of the Tampa HMA work within the HMA, with significant commuting between submarkets. Many residents commute to other submarkets in the Northern Suburbs submarkets for work. In 2021, approximately 78% of working residents in the HMA worked within the area.


18. How did the Great Recession affect the Tampa HMA's economy?

The Great Recession significantly impacted the Tampa HMA's economy, causing a decline of 41,600 jobs annually from 2008 through 2010. However, the economy recovered from 2011 through 2014 and expanded from 2015 through 2019, with strong job growth in the professional and business services sector.


19. What is the forecast for new home construction in the Tampa HMA?

The demand for new single-family homes, townhomes, and condominiums in the Tampa HMA is estimated at 44,825 units over the next three years. The 5,100 sales units currently under construction will satisfy some of this demand, with expectations for increased construction activity in the second and third years of the forecast period.


20. What is the projected demand for new rental units in the Tampa HMA?

The demand for new rental units in the Tampa HMA is estimated at 19,850 units over the next three years. The 18,850 rental units currently under construction are expected to satisfy most of the demand during the first two years of the forecast period. New supply should be targeted to come online during the third year.


References:

Comments


Commenting has been turned off.
bottom of page